Wednesday, March 6, 2019
Belonging: ‘Feliks Skrzynecki’, ‘Migrant Hostel’ and Photo Essay ‘Belongings: Felt, Presented, Challenged’
Belonging is the ability of an separate to render identity with their genial environment. dickhead Skrzyneckis poems Feliks Skrzynecki and Migrant auberge from the anthology Immigrant Chronicle explore this judgment in relation to migrants during the post WWII blockage and argon reflections of Henri Tajfels social identity theory. The photo essay authorise Belongings felt, presented, challenged transfers these same principles to a modern context, illustrating the enduring nature of the difference of opinion humanity faces in the endeavour to live on.Feliks gardening in Feliks Skrzynecki can be seen as a response to the years of forced labour in Germany which left him at the mercy of bigger tides in the affairs of humanity. erstwhile in Australia as part of the post WWII influx of migrants, Feliks devotes himself to creating an environment which he can control. Stanza one and dickens establishes a sense of comfort and familiarity at bottom the niche he has created for him self. Feliks recognises that be is gained through the possession of particular socially pass judgmentd and accepted criteria.In an Australian context, uniformity is made the criteria for belong, something which Feliks himself does non esteem highly, as expressed in Did your father ever attempt to date English? The condescending tone employed portrays the perceived societal value of assimilation and the representation of an unwelcoming society as seen from a migrants perspective. Henri Tajfels social identity theory states that a persons sense of self is based on their chemical group membership(s) that in rear to increase our self-image we enhance the status of the group to which we belong (in group) and discriminate against the groups that we do not ( come to the fore group).Peter Skrzynecki presents a contradictory self-categorisation in the poem Feliks Skrzynecki. His (fathers) Polish friends ever shook hands too violently connotes cultural exclusivity and the affinity of the component part with a non-Polish culture. Child voice serves to highlight the generation divide amongst Feliks and his son as Peter seeks to strengthen his sense of belong in his new Australian culture by establishing his father and his Polish friends as the out group.Conversely and simultaneously, the persona distinguishes himself from the Australian bureaucracy through the engross of derogatory, stereotypical language A crew cut, grey haired department shop assistant who asked me in dancing bear grunts. This highlights the difficulty of establishing a sense of belonging when conflicted with two cultural identities. The poem Migrant Hostel (Parkes 1949-51) explores the alienation of and indignation sh feature towards newcomers to Australian society. Nationalities sought each other out instinctively connotes the splendor of familiarity, as expressed in Feliks Skrzynecki.Individuals are more able to reconcile their individual(prenominal) identity with the inherent need t o belong to a group in a known and familiar environment. The emotional and physical certification provided by ones own cultural group is demo of the pre-programmed biological need to form tribes. The migrants are dehumanised through a lack of information- left us wondering and unaware. The migrants pose a threat to current Australian pattern of existence and the construct of social Darwinism dictates that the new threat must be eliminated.In order for the individuals to maintain their feelings of belonging, the two groups are in a constant state of competition because the hostility felt by the migrants is a result of competing identities. Consequently the lore that we must learn our right to belong permeates society. Belonging is not an inherent right of the human being, but something that is earned through socially valued criteria. Just as Feliks is denied acceptance by Australian society in Feliks Skrzynecki, so too are the migrants by a barrier at the main gate.Pointed in re primand or shame. The migrants are made to feel prisoners, subverted to authority and needing its sanction to live their lives. Due to their successor cultural identity migrants are excluded and alienated from society, revealing that t concept of belonging is heavily based on dominant culture. Belongings felt, presented, challenged explores by chance the most conflicting yet thought provoking aspect of belonging that of the struggle between societys expectations of conformity and the individuals search for a unique sense of identity.The photo essay is compiled of images taken by victims persecuted for choosing not to belong to the popular vision of society. In the post 9/11 context, where choosing not to belong can result in civil wars and racial persecution, this simultaneous need to belong to society and an individuals own search for identity are harshly conflicted. Individual torment and disturbance is experienced by thousands of people as they become the casualties of an inte rnal international jihad of ethics and instinct.The control exerted over these people is a gross hyperbole of the control portrayed in Migrant Hostel and represents the dire consequences of the inability of the individual to reconcile personal identity with their social environment. The ability is indeed affected by the nature of the individuals context. The ideas about belonging communicated in Belongings felt, presented, challenged are such that some milieu do not foster individual thought but rely only if on conformity as a basis for belonging. Any optical aberration from this structure results in persecution and in extreme cases, genocide.To a lesser extent, Peter Skrzynecki experienced these feelings of oppression and conveys the emotional isolation involved in the fulfill of migration and assimilation. Migrant Hostel reveals the perception that we must earn our right to belong and the opposition faced by competing groups. Feliks Skrzynecki further explores this concept, looking at the personal effects of conflicting cultural identities on an individual and the affiliation with competing in and out groups. Thus belonging is determined by the ability to reconcile personal identity with social environment.