Monday, January 9, 2017
The Role of 21st Century Prisons
1. Role & aspiration of Prisons in the 21st cytosine has changed from the auspice of Gladst sensation (1895). If this is the case wherefore what is the purpose of prison houses today? critically discuss.\n\nAt the heart of incarceration stays one of the nearly valued features of human life, the depravation of single(a) liberty. Historically, prisons served as places of detention for race who waited to be tried, waited for a handsome to be paid or for another speak to directive to be implemented. However, prison as a direct stylus of vindicateing by immurement is a rather groundbreaking invention, having existed for less than 300 old age (Morris & Rothman 1995). In order to rejectmine out what the use of handcuffs is nowadays, its purposes must first be defined. To find out if prison achieves its purposes, a full sagacity of what these purposes are is needed. At least(prenominal) four traditional purposes own been suggested: punishment, deterrence, reform and prot ection of the universe (Coyle, 2005, p. 12).\nOne of the purposes of imprisonment is to punish those who committed crime, by taking away their liberty. This is the harshest punishment in existence in the fall in Kingdom, and there are unforgiving rules set by the barbarous law to restrict prison sentences imposed by the court:\nThe court must not pass a tutelar sentence unless it is of the opinion that the offence, or the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it, was so serious that neither a fine alone nor a community sentence arse be justified for the offence.\n(Criminal referee Act 2003, S.152)\nIt is therefore provable that imprisonment should only be used as a form of punishment in the case of the most wicked of crimes (e.g. murder, rape).\nImprisonment can as well serve as a deterrent. Thus, to those who are tempted to commit a crime, the thought of risking imprisonment as a consequence of their actions ordain be enough to deter them fr om committing a crime. Increasing the talent of the deterrent is..