PARASITISM IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM A quick exact of the puppet kingdom shows that there atomic number 18 parasitical members in very much every study phylum. Among the Protozoa, many species of amoebae, flagellates, ciliates, and all of the Sporozoa be parasitic. It is of interest to disgrace that despite their small sizes, certain protozoa, much(prenominal) as Stentor and Spirostomum can avail as hosts for the flagellate Astasia sp. vitiated amoebae argon known to parasitize opalinid ciliates and Trichodina. The Mesozoa, which argon minute, wormlike, acoelomate organisms, include forms that are super acid poriferans in cephalopods and former(a) marine invertebrates. Dicyema, for example, is a common parasite in the nephridia of squids and octopuses. Rhopalura is a little common mesozoan parasite encountered in various tissues and eubstance cavities of marine turbellarians, nemerteans, brittle star, oligochaetes and clams. Although parasitic coelenterates are not common, well-nigh are known. One of the virtually democratic subdivisions of Parasitology is parasitic wormology, which deals specifically with the parasitic representatives of the Platyhelminthes, the Nematoda and the Acanthocephala. All Platyhelminthes, except the turbellarians, are parasitic and even a few cases of parasitism have been report among turbellarians.
many species of nematodes are parasitic, many as parasites of animal and others as parasites of plants. The phylum Acanthocephala are all parasitic. In addition to these major groups of helminthes, the less commonly encountered Nematomorpha, or horsehair worm, are of interest to helmi! nthologists, because the larvae of most species are parasitic in insects although the adults are free-living in aquatic situations. Some species of the phylum Mollusca, in addition to serving as authoritative or as intermediate hosts for protozoan and helminth parasite, may also be ectoparasitic continuously or during some stage of their life cycle. Among the Annelida, the leeches are common ectoparasites on various...If you need to startle a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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