Friday, April 12, 2013

How Far Does The Period 478-404 Bear Out The Contention That "Spartan Policy Is Always Governed Mainly By The Necessity Of Taking Precautions Against The Helots"?

How Far Does The Period 478-404 Bear Out The Contention That

austere Policy Is Always Governed Mainly By The Necessity Of

Taking Precautions Against The Helots?

During the distributor point 478-404BC Sparta was considered to be one of

the leading states in all of Hellas. Spartas policies micturate been questioned by

many ancient historians including Thucydides himself and it could be

argued that some of Spartas policies did have alterior motives and reasons

but was stark policy unendingly governed chief(prenominal)ly by the necessity of taking

precautions against the Helots?

A Greek tribe called the Dorians who had previously lived on the

edge of the civilised world crossed the Corinthian disconnectedness and invaded the

great cities of the Peloponnese. The Dorians settled in Laconia and

became cognise as the Spartans whereas the previous inhabitants of that

area were enslaved and became cognise as the Helots. The invasions of

Messenia and Helos around 740BC also gained Sparta a large keep down of

Helots. A third social class also existed perfect Sparta called the

Periocoi. This class had more rights than the Helots but still could not be

considered to be Spartan citizens. The Periocoi had their own communities

but were still owned by the Spartan state and had to obey the Spartans.

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Sparta itself was a very militaristic inn and was the only society

in Greece to have a professional army. According to Plutarch, the aim of

the Spartan education system was to produce prompt loyalty to

authority, the ability to endure pain and hardship, courage and victory in

battle. So it seems the Spartan way of life was very hard and its main aim

was to produce good soldiers. Spartas tough military regime was known as

the Agoge; a boy lived in the barracks training to become a soldier from

the age of...

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