Saturday, April 13, 2013

Coral Reef

Coral reefs are arguably the worlds most beautiful habitats. Coral reefs deport been called the rainforests of the oceans, because of the rich diversity of life they support. Scientists have not til now finished counting the thousands of different species of plants and animals that use or brave out in the precious coral reef. There are three types of coral reefs: fringing reefs, barrier reefs, and atolls. Fringing reefs are located close to shore, separated from drink down by only shallow water. Barrier reefs lie further offshore, separated from land by lagoons more(prenominal) than ten meters deep. Atolls, on the other hand, are formed far offshore and they forge a ring-shaped reef that close a visor lagoon. Coral reefs are the largest biological structures on the planet, with the largest being the slap-up Barrier Reef covering over 2000 kilometers along the atomic number 99 coast of Australia (Focus, 1995). The reef is said to be 500,000 to 2,500,000 years nonagenarian and is said to be visible from the moon.(Scientific, 1987). There is only iodine problem with this beautiful structure and that is the carelessness of man.

Silt from deforested lands and pollution from herd coastlines choke them, and overuse by coal miners, fisheries, and even tourists take in and destroy coral reefs.

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There are many more factors which add to the destruction of the coral reefs, which if not stopped it go away destroy all coral reefs.

Corals are animals, not plants, sunniness is the key to their survival. They need it to power the millions of microscopic algae, called zooxanthellae, that live in their tissues. The algae provides the corals with food and oxygen in return for peeled materials and a secure place to live. This teamwork is what allows the reef to survive in nutrient-poor tropical seas. This relationship is sensitive to such changes in the...

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