Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Defining Philosophy Essay
Philosophy derives from the cardinal Greek words philein, which means ? to love, and sophia, which means ? knowledge or ? wiseness (Moore & Bruder, 2002, p. 2). This is not the only definition of philosophy as philosophy is a very vast subject. A critical examination of reality characterized by rational inquiry that aims at the Truth for the sake of attaining wisdom (Russo & Fair, 2000, 4). My commentary of philosophy is a field of view of study where one thinks outside of the stroke in the search for knowledge or wisdom that does not acquire scientific explanations.There is no consistency in the nature of philosophic questions. The nature of many philosophic questions concern norms. The application of norms, likewise know as standards occurs when community ascertain whether slightlything is good or bad, right or vituperate, beautiful or ugly. Normative questions ask about the value of something. The field of science explains how things argon but does not tell us how thi ngs ought to be. sometimes philosophical questions arise when dissentent people believe different things. For example, some people believe that a political campaign-and-effect relationship exists in everything.If a someone drinks spoiled milk, he or she get out get sick. There ar new(prenominal)(a)s that believe when one voluntarily decides to do something- nothing made them decide to do that. This refutes the ca practice session-and-effect relationship belief. Then there are many other ways to look at the situation. Is every happening caused? Or are some happenings uncaused? Or is it perhaps that decisions are not happenings? These questions cause a dilemma that subscribe tos philosophizing. The importance of some philosophical questions-Is there a God who is attentive, caring, and responsive to us?and Is abortion cleanly wrong? -is demonstrable and vast. A justification would have to be given for not contemplating them. exactly some philosophical questions are of more or less obscure, and patently only academic or theoretical, consequence. Not everything philosophers consider is dynamite. But then, every field has its theoretical and non-practical questions. Some questions are inherently interesting to the people who pose them. Some philosophical questions are asked because the philosopher wants to know the answer manifestly to know the answer.Most philosophical questions tend to fall into one of these quadruplet areas Questions connect to being or existence (Metaphysics), Questions related to knowledge (Epistemology), Questions related to values, and Questions of logical system or the surmise of correct reasoning. Metaphysics and Epistemology are branches of philosophy that are very similar to one another. The questions related to values are standards of beam and conditions of responsibility. Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that is concerned with these areas Cosmology- Theory of reality and Ontology- Theory of being.The deuce basic questions of metaphysics ask what is being?and what are its fundamental features and properties? Some unique(predicate) examples of metaphysics questions are What is the mind? Do people have free will? Metaphysical bookstores, for example, specialize in all sorts of occult subjects, from channeling, harmonic convergence, and benefit power to past-life hypnotic regression, psychic surgery, and spirit photography. However, the true history of metaphysics is kinda different.Metaphysics has little to do with the occult or Tarot cards and the like. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge that asks what is the nature of knowledge and what are the criteria, sources, and limits of knowledge.Specific examples of epistemology questions are What is virtue? and Is it possible to know anything with absolute certainty? The questions related to values involve four different philosophies (1) moral philosophy (ethics)- is the study of right and wrong in human action or the philosophical study o f moral judgments (2) social philosophy- the philosophical study of society and its institutions (3) political philosophy- which focuses on the put forward and seeks to determine its justification and ethically proper organizationAnd (4) aesthetics- is the study of smash or the philosophical study of art and ofvalue judgments about art. Questions of logic or the theory of correct reasoning, seeks to investigate and establish the criteria of sound evidence and demonstration. Logic is the study of the principles of right reasoning. Logic is the basic tool that philosophers use to investigate reality. The questions raised by logic are (1) What makes an argument valid or invalid (2) What is a sound argument?philosophical questions differ from questions of a scientific or factual nature because philosophical answers ordinarily entail making careful distinctions in thought, words, argument, and recognizing subtle distinctions among things and among facts. Philosophical solutions also require logic and critical thinking skills, discussion, and exposition. Philosophy involves one to fall upon how to look carefully for similarities and differences among things and develop an ability to spot logical difficulties in what others write or say and to avoid these pitfalls in their own thinking.In addition, in philosophy people learn to recognize and critically treasure the important unstated assumptions people make about the orb and themselves and other people and life in general. These assumptions affect how people perceive the world and what they say and do yet for the most part people are not aware of them and are disinclined to consider them critically. Finally, learning philosophical lessons allow people not to become trapped by stubbornness.Philosophical lessons instill the value of open-mindedness and seeking solutions to problems that meet standards of coherence and reasonableness. References Moore, B. N. , & Bruder, K. (2002). Philosophy The fountain of Ide as (5th ed. ). Boston McGraw-Hill Russo, M. , & Fair, G. (2000). What is Philosophy Anyway. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on frame in 17, 2006 from http//www. molloy. edu/academic/philosophy/SOPHIA/what_is_philosophy_anyway. htm.