Wednesday, December 19, 2018
'Cross Cultural Studies Essay\r'
'Beauty, is any diluteg that appeals, and is compound in current fads and trends of the area. Its features drastically vary transversalwise the globe where antagonizing manners are adopted. Obesity is such(prenominal) an example, where in the west, fleshiness is shunned, and admonished, and on the contrary, in the Afri tin pot countries, obesity lures and is considered to be a blessing, exhibiting richness. Beauty whitethorn be skin deep, but there are cases when such becomes a paradox. Obesity is non beneficial about the weight, or the physical and genetic rationalities we can derive from it.\r\nObesity can besides be derived from its psychological roots. What is obesity and how it affects the reputation, soulality, or even the pose towards it varies crossways acculturations as mentioned earlier. In this paper, obesity is seen as right and wanted physiological trait, compared with as a social cancer plaguing the health in most Western countries. RESEARCH FINDINGS Norimi tsu Onish (2001), in his article entitled, Ã¢â¬ËOn the scale of Beauty, weight weights heavilyÃ¢â¬â¢, has explained in a formidable manner the craze obesity has amongst young female childs in Nigeria.\r\nHe has show the carriages ladies go out employ to go beyond their means so as to become fat, and conducts market surveys determining which types of steroids, pills or chemicals they would use. The paper explains how telling women are idealized and looked up onto. Onish indicates that women would tend to consume harmful chemical to come on fatty tissues, and have become so haunt with becoming fat, that they would go to Ã¢â¬Ëfattening farmsÃ¢â¬â¢ and get massaged weeks out front their weddings.\r\nLikewise, or so of the poorer women would consume animal feed in sight to get fat and become attractive, as they cannot afford the rich viandss. Historically, fleshy African women were considered easily endowed financially, because they can afford food, are respectable a nd fertile. Women in African socialisation are august to as the food provider, the one who plants and supplies food in the comm iodin. A fleshy African cleaning lady con broadsheets psyche from an affluent family or perhaps a capableness good provider for her family. The heavy African woman was valued and held in high esteem.\r\nHowever, it is important to note that African women la palld diligently, working sun up to sun down, and their laborious tasks were not conducive to universe big. The arduous work kept African women basically on the lightly side (Johnson and Broadnax, 2003). STRATIFICATION: social stratification is an integral part of a community and decree that occurs due to a division in the classes which is firm by the economic situation of the household or community. This horizontal stratum is also prevalent among some countries which have a male dominant society, on the pretext of religion.\r\nThis has been depicted in OnishÃ¢â¬â¢s article, where telling wo men are a status symbol, exhibiting their resources, and that they belong to intimately to do families, compromising their health in this way. A very good example is quoted explaining how a girl since the age of 11 years, was forced to become obese on the pretext of getting a Ã¢â¬Ëgood matchÃ¢â¬â¢, and now she suffers from hip dislocation, and bone dis gives, as it has become difficult to carry herself or so. Culturally, being surfaceable was not customary. In the African view, women who are fleshy, had hips, and a voluptuous body are the women to marry.\r\nBody size was also perceived to make them excellent mothers. African women who are large have more fat tissue, and were perceived to carry a fetus to skillful term and suspend for some time the peg down up of starvation should there be scarcity of food (Johnson and Broadnax, 2003). In a class lecture by Mead back in 1974, culture was defined as the transmission of values and behaviors and concepts. It is the way one e ats, the way one walks, and the way one raises a child. In Africa, the heathen level was subtle for little girls to envision that African men and families values large women and was exceedingly acceptable.\r\nBut being voluptuous was deemed in a contrary way when slaves were transported to the new world. African women thusly were viewed and even designated to be breeders and has a duty to throw off birth as many a(prenominal) times as her owner wants to. Alex Haley documented this in his book by relating how large African women beats slave children and pass on them to a slave owner as a sexual prize (Johnson and Broadnax, 2003). In another article, Ã¢â¬Ë market-gardening: A sociological viewÃ¢â¬â¢, Becker (Becker, 1982) explains the significance of culture in a society and how it is regularly limited in order to act the modern form and fad.\r\nCulture is being regularly changed, and newer versions of principles and practices are adopted. Likewise, stratification in ter ms of race and gender is also now being diluted, as a instinct of equality is prevalent within most of the societies across the globe. A society is organized by its heathen values, which is the essence to its development, and thus although newer concepts are adopted, older principles should not be ignored and should be passed onto generations in order to preserve a societyÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural heritage. The gradual changes in society together with the culture in which one grows takes generations.\r\nThere are a few and core cultural traits which are passed on from one generation to another, preserved in families, condescension the many changes that are constantly happening. In the sociological context, this also reflects how society influences the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s views and perceptions with the many changes happening around him/her. At some point, the person knows what his culture is inherently, but also adjusts to fit in and cope up with the many cultural changes in our societi es. CROSS CULTURAL STUDIES: Cross cultural studies was a very interesting subject that depicts the versatile anthropologies around the globe.\r\nThe primary essence in this study is an segment of tolerance which various pagan groups have to notice so as to accommodate and intermingle with various cultural hardening ups. A united corroborate in which people from entirely disagreeent cultures pass on team up and constructive serve towards the ramp up and development of a society is prevalent in most countries. A good example is depicted by the people of Malaysia, in which various ethnic groups coexist and play their respective roles in order to make Malaysia one of the most rapidly actual nation in the past decade, and it is now a role model for others to follow.\r\nHinduism, Islam, Christianity and Buddhism coexist and temples are reinforced right next to mosques and churches, where people go elevate to shoulder to preach in tolerance and harmony. The like can be derived when slaves where transported to the New World. As African women became sexual prizes to their owners, some Westerner has fathered a child, and bore an African-American child. In the existing culture, being thin is in. Bulimia and anorexia has become an epidemic amongst teens and younger women because of the images of thin women being cultivated in the new society.\r\nThe cross cultural examination between how women in Africa in comparison with African-American women view obesity is different and is a reflection of how views and perception change oer time and across cultures. CONCLUSION: Culture differ across the globe, meeting the geographical requirements of a region, these can vary and be contrary, like the case of obesity, which is endeavored by some, and admonished by other societies, like the westerners. Likewise, cultural set ups are modified and changed in order to meet modern day requirements, and simultaneously maintaining and preserving the ancient cultural values that ha ve been passed on.\r\nSimilarly, cross cultural set ups also do exist, and various ethnic groups coexist and serve proactively for the development and progress of nations, thus exhibiting discipline, unity and tolerance. REFERENCES: Becker H. (1982) Culture: A Sociological View, Yale Review, September 2, , 71:513-527 Johnson, R. W. and Broadnax, P. A (2003). A perspective on obesity Ã¢â¬ analysis of trend of obesity in African-American women. ABNF Journal. Onish N. (2001) Maradi Journal: On the Scale of Beauty, Weight Weighs hard New York Times dated Feb 12\r\n'